Facility Management KPIs for Better Efficiency

Manage your facility smarter! Learn how to pick key performance indicators (KPIs) to track performance and cut costs. Click here to get started!

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Keeping a facility running is a complex task. Maintaining operational efficiency, controlling costs, and ensuring a comfortable environment for occupants can be daunting. With numerous metrics and data points to analyze, it's crucial to identify the key performance indicators (KPIs) that truly matter and provide actionable insights. 

This comprehensive guide will empower facility managers to harness the power of KPIs, enabling data-driven decision-making, cost optimization, and continuous improvement.

Related Read:

What are Facility Management KPIs?

Facility management KPIs are measurable values that track the performance of your facility in critical areas, such as cost management, operational efficiency, etc. 

Unlike raw data points like total energy consumption, KPIs provide actionable insights by contextualizing the data. For example, the KPI "energy consumption cost per square foot" allows you to compare the efficiency of your building to similar facilities, enabling data-driven decision-making.

Benefits of tracking facility management KPIs

Effective facility management KPIs offer several advantages:

  • Data-Driven Decisions: KPIs help you identify the valuable metrics from the vast amount of facility data. With this data, you can make informed decisions about resource allocation, maintenance scheduling, and other facility management activities.
  • Improved Performance & Efficiency: KPIs act as a spotlight, revealing areas where you can optimize the facility operations. Tracking metrics like preventive maintenance compliance rate or mean time to repair helps identify inefficiencies. With this knowledge, you can take corrective actions and improve the overall performance of your facility.
  • Demonstrate Value: Facility management KPIs are a powerful tool for showcasing the impact of your work. By tracking and reporting on relevant KPIs, you can demonstrate how your efforts contribute to cost savings, increased employee satisfaction, and a safer work environment. This data can be invaluable when requesting budget increases, justifying new initiatives, or securing buy-in from stakeholders.
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Facility Management Dashboards

The purpose of facility management KPIs

Facility management KPIs serve several vital purposes:

  • Strategic Alignment: Your facility management KPIs should align with your organization's goals. For example, if your company focuses on sustainability, you might track KPIs like energy and water consumption.
  • Continuous Improvement: KPIs help you identify areas for improvement within your facility operations. By regularly monitoring KPIs, you can take proactive steps to address inefficiencies and enhance performance.
  • Quantifiable Impact: Tracking and reporting on KPIs allows you to demonstrate the positive impact of facility management on the organization. This data can be crucial for securing funding and resources for future initiatives.

Common facility management KPIs

There are many different types of facility management KPIs, but some of the most common fall into these categories:

1. Cost Management KPIs

These KPIs focus on tracking and optimizing the financial aspects of facility operations.

  • Total facility management cost: This KPI captures the entire expenditure of running your facility. It includes staffing costs, maintenance, utilities, repairs, cleaning, and supplies. Monitoring this KPI helps identify areas for cost reduction and optimize resource allocation.
  • Cost per square foot: This metric dives deeper into cost efficiency by calculating the operational cost per unit area. It allows for comparison between different-sized facilities or departments within the same facility. Analyzing trends in this KPI can reveal if there are inefficiencies in space usage or operational practices.
  • Energy consumption cost: This KPI focuses on the financial implications of your facility's energy use. By tracking energy costs, you can assess the effectiveness of energy-saving initiatives and identify opportunities for further conservation.

2. Operational Efficiency KPIs

These KPIs measure the efficiency of various facility processes, such as maintenance, space utilization, and workflow.

  • Preventive maintenance compliance rate: This KPI measures how effective your preventive maintenance program is. It indicates the percentage of scheduled maintenance tasks completed on time and according to plan. A high compliance rate suggests a proactive approach to maintenance, reducing the likelihood of breakdowns and costly repairs.
  • Mean time to repair (MTTR): This metric reflects the average time to fix equipment failures or resolve other maintenance issues. A low MTTR signifies a swift response to problems, minimizing downtime and disruptions to facility operations.
  • Space utilization rate: This KPI actively tracks how well you're utilizing the available space within your facility. A high utilization rate suggests efficient space allocation, while a low rate might indicate underutilized areas.

3. Environmental Sustainability KPIs

These KPIs monitor the facility's impact on the environment and help identify opportunities for sustainable practices.

  • Water usage: This KPI tracks the water consumption of the facility. Monitoring water usage helps identify potential leaks or areas for water conservation measures like installing low-flow fixtures or implementing rainwater harvesting systems.
  • Energy intensity: This metric measures the energy consumed per unit of output. It reflects the facility's energy efficiency and helps assess the effectiveness of energy-saving initiatives.
  • Waste diversion rate: This KPI tracks the percentage of waste diverting from landfills through recycling, composting, or other sustainable practices. A high diversion rate indicates a commitment to environmental responsibility and reducing the facility's footprint.

4. Employee Satisfaction KPIs

These KPIs assess the workplace environment's impact on employee well-being, comfort, and productivity.

  • Indoor air quality: This KPI measures the quality of the air that employees breathe within the facility. Factors like temperature, humidity, ventilation, and pollutant levels contribute to indoor air quality. Maintaining indoor air quality can improve employee health, comfort, and productivity.
  • Thermal comfort: This KPI assesses whether the temperature and humidity levels within the facility are comfortable for employees. Thermal discomfort can lead to decreased productivity and employee satisfaction.
  • Space availability per employee: This KPI tracks the space allocation per employee, which can impact their well-being and focus. For a positive work environment, each employee should have enough workspace.

5. Safety and Security KPIs

These KPIs track the facility's safety and security measures, ensuring the protection of occupants and assets.

  • Incident rate (number of accidents per unit of work time): This KPI tracks the frequency of accidents or injuries occurring within the facility. A low incident rate indicates a strong safety culture and effective safety protocols.
  • Number of near misses: This metric focuses on incidents that could have resulted in accidents but fortunately did not. Tracking near misses helps identify potential safety hazards before they cause injuries and allows you to take preventive measures.
  • Security breach response time: This KPI measures the time it takes to identify and respond to a security breach within the facility. A rapid response time minimizes potential damage or loss and ensures the safety of occupants and assets.

By monitoring these KPIs across various categories, facility managers gain valuable insights into the overall performance of their facilities. 

Industry-specific considerations:

While the core KPIs remain applicable across industries, tailoring them to your specific facility type can provide even deeper insights:

  • Hospitals: Track cost per patient day to identify areas for cost savings in patient care delivery, such as optimizing medical supplies or streamlining administrative processes. Monitor handwashing compliance rate as a crucial metric for infection control, reflecting hygiene practices and ensuring patient safety.
  • Manufacturing Plants: Track water usage per unit of production to identify opportunities for water conservation in manufacturing processes (e.g., implementing water-saving technologies or reusing treated wastewater). Monitor the number of near misses to address potential safety hazards and prevent future accidents.
  • Office Buildings: Track space utilization rate by department to ensure efficient workspace allocation. Underutilized space can indicate inefficient allocation, while cramped spaces can reduce employee satisfaction and productivity. Monitor indoor air quality to ensure a healthy and comfortable work environment, reducing respiratory problems and improving employee well-being.
  • Retail Stores: Track customer traffic and dwell time to optimize staffing levels and improve customer service. Monitor energy consumption per square foot to identify opportunities for energy-saving initiatives, such as efficient lighting or HVAC systems.

These are just a few examples, and the most relevant KPIs for your facility will depend on your specific industry and goals.

Selecting and developing facility management KPIs

When selecting KPIs, it's vital to follow the SMART criteria:

  • Specific: Clearly define what the KPI is measuring.
  • Measurable: The KPI should be quantifiable with a unit of measurement.
  • Achievable: The KPI should be challenging but attainable.
  • Relevant: The KPI should match your facility's goals and objectives.
  • Time-bound: Set a timeframe for achieving the KPI target.

Here are some additional tips for selecting and developing facility management KPIs:

  • Consider industry benchmarks and best practices.
  • Tailor your KPIs to the specific needs and goals of your facility.

Data collection and management 

Accurate and reliable data is the foundation of effective KPI tracking and analysis. It's essential to have robust processes in place for collecting, storing, and managing facility data. This may involve integrating with various systems, such as building automation systems, maintenance management software, or energy monitoring platforms. 

Regularly review and validate your data sources to ensure data quality and integrity. Additionally, consider investing in data visualization tools and dashboards to facilitate data analysis and reporting.

Tracking KPIs for measurable improvement

Once you've selected your KPIs, consistent tracking is essential. It allows you to identify trends and measure progress. Here are some tips for effective KPI tracking:

  • Use data visualization tools: Charts, graphs, and dashboards can help you see patterns and trends in your data. This visual representation allows you to identify areas for improvement and track progress over time.
  • Communicate your KPIs to stakeholders: Regularly share your KPI data with facility staff, executives, and other stakeholders. This transparency keeps everyone informed about the performance of the facility.
  • Review and update your KPIs periodically: As your facility's needs and priorities evolve, your KPIs may need to be adjusted. Regularly review your KPIs to ensure they remain relevant.

These tips will help you track your facility management KPIs well. This way, you'll get helpful information to improve how your facility runs.


Facility management KPIs empower you to transform your facility. By tracking the right metrics, you can identify areas for improvement and make data-driven decisions. It translates into tangible benefits: reduced costs, improved efficiency, and a more comfortable and productive work environment for your occupants. Implement a KPI tracking system today and unlock the full potential of your facility. 

Continuous monitoring and adjustment of KPIs are essential to align with evolving facility needs and goals, ensuring your KPI toolkit remains a powerful driver of success. Explore and see for yourself how DataBrain’s sample dashboards can bring your KPIs to life.

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